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CIIID Fall Quarter Seminar: Michael Gantier, Ph.D.

September 28, 2018

UW Medicine at South Lake Union

Brotman Auditorium

Event Date: 
Friday, September 28, 2018 - 10:00am

PresenterMichael P. Gantier, Ph.D., ARC Future Fellow and Group Leader, Centre for Innate Immunity and Infectious Diseases, Hudson Institute of Medical Research (Australia)

Talk Title"When nucleic acids sensing turns toxic: novel strategies to control auto-inflammation"

"Our laboratory recently discovered that mild DNA damage originating from DNA intercalation or gene recombination could lead to the leakage of nuclear DNA into the cytoplasm, resulting in the activation of the immune sensor cGAS and downstream production of pro-inflammatory cytokine such as type-I interferons (Pepin et al., Nucleic Acids Research, 2016 and 2017; Pepin et al. mBio 2017). Independent studies validated our findings and are collectively showing that cGAS sensing of leaked cytosolic DNA acts as a critical checkpoint of genomic integrity, and stops cell proliferation of damaged cells to maintain tissue homeostasis. Here I will present some of our latest research investigating how cGAS engagement in damaged cells modulates tissue homeostasis and inflammation, and why this could present novel therapeutic opportunities in auto-inflammatory diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). I will also introduce our on-going studies on the rational design of next generation immuno-modulatory oligonucleotides and define why such molecules present exciting potential for the modulation of toxic nucleic acids sensing, for instance seen in SLE."

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